Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
Orthopedic surgeons are specialists who treat conditions such as knee and hip problems, sports injuries, arthritis, and tunnel syndrome.
Generally, they help patients who are seeking wellness of the bones, joints, tissues, and nerves following damage or injuries. The wide scope of orthopedic procedures enables specialists to remedy quite a number of health problems linked to the above body parts. Some of the common procedures performed include the following.
• knee replacement surgery
• hip replacement surgery
• sand, elbow, shoulder surgery
• hip resurfacing surgery
• join replacement surgery
The above orthopedic surgical procedures are performed with the aim of increasing and enhancing the mobility of parts such as joints, muscles, nerves, and bones which have been damaged.
An orthopedic surgeon can actually treat chronic diseases and normally, this is supported by orthopedic care- to relieve pain and relieve pain.
The bottom line is that the specialists focus on specific problems affecting joints and bones. So what are some of the problems addressed by surgeons?
One of the key conditions that are addressed by orthopedic treatment is knee problems. This includes problems such as torn ligaments or tendonitis. This is remedied through arthroscopy or knee surgery.
The surgery may be performed to alleviate pain caused by arthritis. Besides knee problems, treatment also helps repair multiple fractures to bones, hip joints, osteoarthritis, and related problems.
Sports injuries sustained from tennis or baseball is also treated through orthopedic procedures. Other than that, the orthopedic services also play a crucial role in remedying deformities (Osteotomy) and increasing mobility of the spine and adjacent bones by removing inflamed tissues.
Most of these problems require surgical intervention to remove and replace damaged parts.
Common Orthopedics Surgery Procedures
Orthopedics surgery is often performed under sedation in a theatre and the entire procedure may take a few hours for minimal incisive surgeries to several hours.
The procedure involves incisions to various body parts. There is quite a number of equipment that are used and the surgical tools are sterilized before being used to scrape or remove damaged tissues. During the procedure, wounds are stitched using conventional surgical threads or staples and they may be wrapped or left as they are to quicken healing.
Also, note that two common complications during the procedure are swelling and bruising. However, they can be reduced with proper care after surgery. In most cases, conventional use of anti-inflammatory medication and injection, plus brace support is necessary to help patients to recover quickly.
You should also keep in mind that healing may vary depending on the extent of damage and injury and the curative procedures that are used. Fortunately, recovery is quite fast among patients and it may take from 1-4 months.
Anyway, the post-surgical phase still requires physical and occupational therapy to help restore mobility by facilitating co-ordination and enhancing muscle strength. The quality of life will improve significantly and pain will reduce with time. The success rate is usually high at 90% with the implants offering relief in the long term.
Finding the Right Doctor
It is advisable to seek the intervention of orthopedic surgeons who are trained and certified to perform the procedures. In the US, the American Orthopedic Association and other associations regulate the certification of these specialists. The surgeons enrol for a 4 year residency training program. Even after qualifying for private practice, the surgeons are still required to maintain orthopedic certification.
Regardless of your country or place of residence, it advisable to check the credentials of orthopedic surgeons that you are interesting in working with. This may be very crucial especially if you are seeking the help of specialists in foreign orthopedic surgeon medical tourism hubs.